Posts Tagged ‘fundamental attribution error’
Wednesday, November 27th, 2013
In bullying cases, it is not shocking to read that targets are blamed for their fate — weak, thin-skinned, provocative. Victim blaming is societal, reflecting the commission of the fundamental attribution error.
To blame a woman for her own sexual assault or rape is especially hideous. Yet that is what U.S. military commanders do repeatedly. [Watch The Invisible War] Regarding the recent complaint brought by Marine Arianna Klay, her husband, Ben, tells that her commander said that she should have expected it (the attack by multiple rapists) because she was wearing shorts!!!
There are two proposed legislative solutions proffered in the U.S. Senate:
(1) Keep military unit commanders in charge of “investigations” to police themselves, and
(2) Remove commanders from the investigatory process. This is the Military Justice Improvement Act proposed by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and 57 co-sponsors.
Tags: Ariana Klay, Ben Klay, fundamental attribution error, military rape, military sexual assault, U.S. Marine Corps, victim blaming
Posted in Employers Gone Wild: Doing Bad Things, Tutorials About Bullying, WBI Education | 1 Archived Comment | Post A Comment (
Thursday, September 19th, 2013
WBI review of an academic research study:
Diekmann, K.A., Walker, S.D.S., Galinsky, A.D., & Tenbrunsel, A.E. (2012) Double victimization in the workplace: Why observers condemn passive victims of sexual harassment. Organization Science, 2012, 1-15.
A well practiced tendency of observers of workplace harassment, coworkers of the targeted person, is to declare that they themselves would have taken more action to stop the harassment than the victim did.
The researchers in this study call this prediction “forecasting,” and people claim they would do more than they actually do. They have an optimism bias, especially with respect to moral or socially desirable conduct. No one wants to admit they would not do “the right thing” when opportunities present themselves. And there is an equal underestimation of how likely they would be to yield to social pressure and self-interest.
A common consequence of such observer hubris is the subsequent condemnation of victims for failing to have acted — to resist, to confront, to report, to reverse the harassment. Of course, as WBI research shows, confrontation fails to stop the negative conduct and leads to retaliation of the victim which exacerbates the suffering.
Staying passive is the preferred choice of both sexual harassment victims and bullied targets. From their perspective, it is safer than alternatives. However, observers may interpret passivity as weakness. Thus, harassment victims are harmed twice over.
Tags: A.D. Galinsky, A.E. Tenbrunsel, bullied targets, double victimization, fundamental attribution error, Gary Namie, K. A. Diekmann, S.D.S. Walker, sexual harassment, social forecasting, social science research, victim denigration, workplace bullying
Posted in Bullying-Related Research, Social/Mgmt/Epid Sciences, Tutorials About Bullying, WBI Education | No Archived Comments | Post A Comment (